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GHS - Precautionary Statements and P Codes


GHS Pictograms | GHS Hazard Statements | GHS Precautionary Statement

GHS precautionary statement means a standard phrase that describes measures to minimize or prevent adverse effects of a chemical assigned to a hazard class and category. There are 116 individual and 33 combined Precautionary statements. Each precautionary statement is designated a code, starting with the letter P and followed by 3 digits.

P1xx: general precautionary statement;

P2xx: prevention precautionary statement;

P3xx: response precautionary statement;

P4xx: storage precautionary statement;

P5xx: disposal precautionary statement;

Each P-Statement is designated a unique numerical code which may be used as a valuable reference when interpreting labels and Material Safety Data Sheets, MSDS sheets, safety sheets, and material safety sheets printed in other languages. These codes are not to be used as a substitute for writing out the complete text of the safety precaution.

List of GHS Precautionary Statements and P Codes

General Precautionary Statement Codes, P1xx

P101 If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.
P102 Keep out of reach of children.
P103 Read label before use.

Prevention Precautionary Statement Codes, P2xx

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking.
P211 Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.
P220 Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.
P221 Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/..
P222 Do not allow contact with air.
P230 Keep wetted with …
P231 Handle under inert gas.
P232 Protect from moisture.
P233 Keep container tightly closed.
P234 Keep only in original container.
P235 Keep cool.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P242 Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P250 Do not subject to grinding/shock/…/friction.
P251 Pressurized container: Do not pierce or burn, even after use.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P263 Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing.
P264 Wash…thoroughly after handling
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area
P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wash…thoroughly after handling
P281 Use personal protective equipment as required.
P282 Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection.
P283 Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing
P210 Wear respiratory protection.
P284 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking.
P285 In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.
P231 + P232 Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.
P235 + P410 Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.
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